Category — Environmental Services

India Ratifies Paris Agreement on Climate Change

India ratified the Paris Agreement on the birthday of Mohandas K. Gandhi ( Mahatma Gandhi, revered as the Father of the Nation by Indians),  who was born Oct. 2, 1869.

“Today the government of India has demonstrated global leadership and vision by joining the Paris agreement on climate change,” U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon tweeted.  “This historic step will further India’s sustainable path to growth and development.”

Climate Change

Currently sixty-two countries have joined, representing 52 percent of global emissions, according to the United Nations’ Framework Convention on Climate Change, reports the Washington Post.

Ajay Mathur, director general of the Energy and Resources Institute, New Delhi, said that the government plans to achieve its climate goals in three ways:

  • Launch a market next year to balance supply and consumption of electricity
  • Institute a program to increase the efficiency of the agriculture sector
  • Spur more efficient technologies in air conditioning, since cooling accounts for half of the growth in new electricity demand

October 3, 2016   No Comments

India Launches Advanced Weather Satellite

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) successfully launched its advanced weather satellite INSAT-3DR using its GSLV-F05 from the spaceport of Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh. The cryogenic engine used in the satellite was made in India.

GSLV-F05 being moved to launchpad

GSLV-F05 being moved to launchpad

This advanced meteorological satellite is configured with an imaging system, an atmospheric sounder, data relay as well as search and rescue transponders.

Other features include:

  • Imaging in middle infrared band to provide night time pictures of low clouds and fog
  • Imaging in two thermal infrared bands for estimation of sea surface temperature with better accuracy
  • Higher spatial resolution in the visible and thermal infrared band

Earlier launches using this technology—GSLV-D5 and GSLV -D6—were a success. The GSLV class of satellites also includes EDUSAT, which is used for distance education and other academic purposes, reports Mint.

September 19, 2016   No Comments

India’s Wild Tiger Rum Boards Tiger Air

India’s Wild Tiger Special Reserve Rum has partnered with Singapore’s Tiger Air flights to retail on all routes operated by the carrier. Wild Tiger first launched in the U.K. in 2015 before expanding into UAE markets, as well as Bangalore and Mumbai travel retail, reports The Spirits Business.

Produced from a blend of molasses and cane juice, the dark amber liquid is obtained by  distilling molasses spirit in columns which is then aged in American Oakwood casks which once stored Bourbon Whiskey. The resulting beverage is then blended with pure cane juice spirit achieved from double distillation in pot stills and bottled.

Wild Tiger Rum

Just as no two tigers share the same stripes, the stripe design on each bottle of Wild Tiger is unique, making each bottle a ‘special edition’. The company donates 10% of its profits towards its own non profit Wild Tiger Foundation, which works with wildlife establishments and tiger experts to save the tiger and its habitat.

Wild Tiger founder and Indian drinks entrepreneur, Gautom Menon, said, “Given India’s strong ancient roots to the origin of rum we would like to take an Indian brand to new territories and unscaled heights. We are starting our in-flight sales journey with Tiger Air before it’s available on other leading carriers of Europe and Asia.”

 

 

 

June 19, 2016   No Comments

President Obama and PM Modi Affirm Convergence in Strategic Perspectives

During an official working visit of Prime Minister Modi to the United States, and marking the third major bilateral summit between him and President Obama, the leaders reviewed the deepening strategic partnership between the United States and India:

US and India Flags

  1. India’s ratification of the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage, has laid a strong foundation for a long-term partnership between U.S. and Indian companies for building nuclear power plants in India.
  2. The United States and India share common climate and clean energy interests and are close partners in the fight against climate change. Leadership from both countries helped galvanize global action to combat climate change and culminated in the Paris Agreement reached last December.
  3. The leaders welcomed the signing of an MOU to Enhance Cooperation on Energy Security, Clean Energy and Climate Change, and an MOU on Cooperation in Gas Hydrates
  4. Reflecting Prime Minister Modi’s call to embrace wildlife conservation as a development imperative, the leaders welcomed the signing of an MOU to enhance cooperation on Wildlife Conservation and Combating Wildlife Trafficking.
  5. The United States supports the Government of India’s ambitious national goals to install 175 GW of renewable energy which includes 100 GW from solar power.
  6. The United States and India will jointly launch the third Initiative of the International Solar Alliance which will focus on off-grid solar for energy access at the Founding Conference of ISA in September, 2016 in India.
  7. The U.S. and India today are announcing: the creation of a $20 million seed U.S.-India Clean Energy Finance initiative, equally supported by the United States and India, which is expected to mobilize up to $400 million to provide clean and renewable electricity to up to 1 million households by 2020.
  8. The two leaders reaffirmed their commitment to cooperate on research and development, including through the announcement of an upcoming $30 million public-private research effort in smart grid and grid storage.
  9. Both countries will work together to combat the threat of terrorists accessing and using chemical, biological, nuclear and radiological materials.
  10. The United States called on Nuclear Suppliers Group Participating Governments to support India’s application when it comes up at the NSG Plenary.  The United States also re-affirmed its support for India’s early membership of the Australia Group and Wassenaar Arrangement.
  11. The leaders applauded the completion of a roadmap for cooperation under the 2015 U.S.-India Joint Strategic Vision for the Asia-Pacific and Indian Ocean Region, which will serve as a guide for collaboration in the years to come.
  12. The United States hereby recognizes India as a Major Defense Partner.  India will receive license-free access to a wide range of dual-use technologies in conjunction with steps that India has committed to take to advance its export control objectives. Also, in support of India’s Make in India initiative, and to support the development of robust defense industries and their integration into the global supply chain, the United States will continue to facilitate the export of goods and technologies, consistent with U.S. law, for projects, programs and joint ventures in support of official U.S.-India defense cooperation.
  13. The leaders welcomed the progress toward establishment of an ISRO-NASA Heliophysics Working Group as well as toward finalization of a Memorandum of Understanding for exchange of earth observation satellite data.
  14. They committed to deepen cooperation on cybersecurity and welcomed the understanding reached to finalize the Framework for the U.S.-India Cyber Relationship in the near term.
  15. The two heads of state announced further steps to deepen collaboration against the full spectrum of terrorist threats.
  16. In order to substantially increase bilateral trade, they pledged to explore new opportunities to break down barriers to the movement of goods and services, and support deeper integration into global supply chains, thereby creating jobs and generating prosperity in both economies.
  17. The United States welcomed India’s interest in joining the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum, as India is a dynamic part of the Asian economy, as well as India’s hosting of the 2017 Global Entrepreneurship Summit.
  18. The leaders affirmed their nations’ mutual support in exploring the most fundamental principles of science as embodied in the arrangement reached to cooperate on building a Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) in India in the near future and welcomed the formation of the India-U.S. Joint Oversight Group to facilitate agency coordination of funding and oversight of the project.
  19. The leaders strongly endorsed expansion of the Indo-U.S. Vaccine Action Program, which is fostering public-private research partnerships focused on the development and evaluation of vaccines to prevent tuberculosis, dengue, chikungunya and other globally important infectious diseases.
  20. The leaders recognized the global threat posed by multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and committed to continue collaboration in the area of tuberculosis and to share respective best practices.
  21. The leaders reaffirmed their support for a reformed UN Security Council with India as a permanent member.
  22. They looked forward to opportunities to deepen the U.S.-India global development cooperation in Africa, as well as in Asia and beyond.
  23. Both sides committed to open additional consulates in each other’s country. India will be opening a new consulate in Seattle and the United States will open a new consulate at a mutually agreed location in India.
  24. The leaders also appreciated their governments’ joint efforts through the Fulbright-Kalam Climate Fellowship to develop a cohort of climate scientists to confront the shared challenge of global climate change.
  25. The leaders intend to renew efforts to intensify dialogue to address issues affecting the citizens of both countries that arise due to differences in the approaches of legal systems, including issues relating to cross-country marriage, divorce and child custody.

June 13, 2016   No Comments

U.S.-India Move Forward on Climate Change and Environment

Recognizing the urgent threat of climate change, the United States and India are committed to bringing the Paris Agreement into force as quickly as possible. The two nations plan to work together to adopt in 2016 an ambitious amendment to phase-down the production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons – a potent greenhouse gas – under the Montreal Protocol, which could avoid a half-degree of temperature increase. By avoiding up to 0.5°C of warming by the end of the century, an HFC Amendment is one of the most consequential actions to implement the goals of the Paris Agreement. Furthermore, the United States and India committed to work together to reach a successful resolution to address greenhouse gas emissions from international civil aviation at the upcoming International Civil Aviation Organization Assembly, says a White House release.

Effect of Climate Chamge

Through the U.S.-India Joint Working Group on Combating Climate Change and related fora, the United States and India continue to advance bilateral cooperation on climate change.

  • Fulbright-Kalam Climate Fellowship:  In March, the U.S. and Indian governments announced the first call for applicants for the U.S.-India Fulbright—Kalam Climate Fellowship, part of a commitment made by President Obama and Prime Minister Modi to building long-term capacity to address climate change-related issues in both countries.
  • Partnership for Climate Resilience:  In support of the U.S.-India Partnership for Climate Resilience launched by President Obama and Prime Minister Modi, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) are leading a collaboration to model future climate conditions in India at high resolution, to assess climate risks at the sub-national level in India and to support actions that promote climate-resilient sustainable development. Also under this Partnership, NASA released its NASA Earth Exchange Global Daily Downscaled Projections (NEX-GDDP) dataset that provides downscaled climate model data for the Indian sub-continent.  Over the coming year, IITM and NOAA intend to co-host a series of workshops in India with U.S. and Indian experts to focus on the development and use of downscaling tools for seasonal forecasting and multi-decadal climate risk assessment.
  • Advancing Air Quality Cooperation:  The two countries will work to reduce urban population exposure to air pollution by disseminating information through the AirNow-International program, which should enable urban policy planners to improve air quality in cities, allowing for estimates of health and climate change benefits of these strategies.
  • Technical Cooperation on Heavy-Duty Vehicles:  Both countries have pledged to cooperate on reducing Greenhouse Gas emissions from heavy-duty vehicles in India through the G-20. This technical cooperation will help inform the design of heavy-duty vehicle Greenhouse Gas emission  standards which will result in significant oil saving benefits in India.

 

 

June 13, 2016   No Comments