Category — Agriculture

India’s Shrimp Industry Shows Steady Growth

India’s export of shrimp was 382,959 tons in Calendar Year 2015, up 9.8 percent from the previous year
India’s cultured shrimp production in the year ending March 2015 was about 426,500 tons, up 30 percent from the previous year (Figure 1). From  2005  to 2015, shrimp production has grown at a compound annual growth rate of 13 percent.
Fig 1. Cultured Shrimp Production Rising

Fig 1. Cultured Shrimp Production Rising

The introduction of white leg shrimp (Litopenaeus Vannamei, or Vannamei) in 2009 spurred growth in shrimp production during the last few years and displaced sales of the other major shrimp species such as the tiger shrimp (Penaeus Monodon) which was found to be susceptible to disease. In FY 2015, the production of the white leg shrimp (Vannamei species) rose to  353,000 tons, which was 81 percent of the total shrimp production in India. This species is preferred since it has a fast growth rate, is disease resistant, needs lower feed requirements, and exhibits a higher survival rate.  In 2015, the area under shrimp production in brackish water aquaculture was 121,600 hectares, which was up from 102,500 hectares in 2010. Industry sources indicate that shrimp production accounts for 25 percent of the brackish water aquaculture.
Accounting for 65 percent of the total shrimp produced in India, the state of Andhra Pradesh is India’s largest cultured shrimp producer. This is followed by West Bengal, Tamil Nadu & Puducherry (earlier known as Pondicherry), Gujarat, and Odisha. Tiger shrimp (Penaeus Monodon) are farmed in the states of West Bengal, Odisha and Kerala, while the Vannamei species is preferred in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Odisha.
Although most of India’s shrimp production is exported, its broodstock is imported. According to industry sources, India imports 98 percent of total broodstock specific-pathogen-free (SPF) Vannamei broodstock from U.S.A., and in Calendar Year 2015 import of broodstock from the U.S. reached $10.8 million  In addition to broodstock, Artemia Cysts, which are used as live feed during the larvae raising operations in shrimp hatcheries, are imported as well. In CY 2015, 97 percent of India’s Artemia Cysts worth $15.44 million were imported from the United States, says a GAIN report.

May 15, 2017   No Comments

India Contemplates Opening Up Food Retailing

Foreign food retailers may soon be allowed to sell personal care products made in India up to 25 percent of their total merchandise sales. India’s Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion has for the first time endorsed this proposal. The idea behind the move is to encourage “organized” (mass market)  retailers to source goods made in India.

The excerpt below is from an interview that India’s  commerce and industry minister Nirmala Sitharaman had with the Economic Times:

Economic Times: On food retail, are you looking at allowing more products? Could we see some announcement soon?

Sitharaman: There is a lot of discussion on it. We are already talking about what is grown and [can be] value added in India. The food ministry is saying that you would need something more to attract consumers. He would want to buy other things as well, like cosmetics.

The Seattle-based online retailer, Amazon, sought government permission to enter the food retail business in India. It proposes to invest $570 million in over five years to sell third party and its own private-label food articles, sourced and packaged locally. Other applications received by the government in food retail are from Grofers and Bigbasket.

While a political consensus needs to be reached for further opening of the retail sector, the government is also examining the proposal of opening up Foreign Direct Investment for all goods manufactured in India.

Food Retail

May 8, 2017   No Comments

Walmart to Set Up 50 New Outlets in India

Walmart will open 50 new wholesale  stores across India over the next three to four years which will be located in the states of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana. President and CEO, Walmart Canada and Asia, Dirk Van den Berghe, said Walmart was committed to India, and the country with its efficient economy was an important market for them.

Each store will be spread over 50,000 to 60,000 square feet. The company will invest $10 to $12 million in each store which will serve 300,000 wholesale customers; hotels, restaurants, caterers, offices and institutions; and 30,000 mom-and-pop grocery shops.

Walmart Store

IndiaRetailing reports that Walmart currently sources 97 percent of the products within India. 15 percent of its merchandise is sourced from the region where its store is located. The company proposes to work with small and marginal farmers and offer training and education to all stakeholders in the value chain.

 

May 7, 2017   No Comments

India to Export Fertilizers by 2021

India has drawn up an $8.7 billion plan to revive inoperative fertilizer plants and set up gas import and pipeline facilities in eastern India in a bid to become an exporter of urea(a chemical nitrogenous fertilizer) by 2021. The project includes building a 1,590-mile pipeline, the revival of four urea plants in the northern Uttar Pradesh state, eastern Jharkhand, Bihar and Odisha states, and building a liquefied gas import facility.

Spraying Fertilizer

Reuters reports that India produced 24.2 million tons of urea in 2016-17, while importing about 5.4 million tons of its fertilizer needs; the revived plants are projected to increase the annual urea production capacity by 7.5 million tons, said Ananth Kumar, India’s Minister in charge of fertilizers. He added, “From an importing country, we will become an exporting country. For food security, we need fertilizer security.”

 

May 5, 2017   No Comments

India’s Government Creates $1.2 Billion Dairy Fund

While presenting the annual budget for 2017, India’s minister for finance, Arun Jaitley, announced the setting up of a Dairy Processing and Infrastructure Fund through the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development. The fund corpus of $1.2 billion will be disbursed over a period of three years, starting with $296 million for the first year.

Cows grazing

According to India’s National Dairy Development Board, milk production in India is rising and collaterally so is dairy consumption. An average of 18.5% of the monthly budget for food is spent on dairy products in the rural areas, while in urban areas the average is 20.25%, says the Dairy Reporter.

April 23, 2017   No Comments