Category — Defense/ Security

India’s Supersonic Missile Interceptor Successfully Test Fired

On December 28, 2017, India successfully test-fired its in-house designed and developed Advanced Air Defense (AAD) supersonic interceptor missile capable of destroying any low altitude incoming ballistic missile. This was the third supersonic interceptor test carried out for the year.

The single stage solid rocket-propelled AAD interceptor missile is part of India’s planned two-layered ballistic missile defense system and is designed to shoot down incoming enemy missiles at altitudes of 12-25 miles. According to sources at India’s Defense Research Development Organization who organized the test, the AAD interceptor destroyed an incoming Prithvi ballistic missile within 18.5 miles of the earth’s atmosphere.

Sub-sonic missile

The interceptor is a guided missile equipped with a navigation system, a hi-tech computer and an electro-mechanical activator. It has its own mobile launcher, secure data link for interception, independent tracking and homing capabilities, and sophisticated radars. It can intercept medium-range ballistic missiles traveling at speeds of Mach 3 to 8.

January 9, 2018   No Comments

Startups in India’s Defense Sector Forge Ahead

With the Government of India permitting 100 percent foreign direct investment in India’s defense industry, many startups in India’s private sector have started to design technologies that can be used in manufacturing defense equipment.

Bangalore-based Aadyah Aerospace builds electro-mechanical actuators, control actuation systems and electro-optics systems for missiles and launch vehicles.

Since military equipment can’t always be tested on the field, CM Envirosystems, another Bangalore-based startup designs and manufactures environmental test chambers which simulate real environmental conditions. The company provided these environmental test systems for Agni, India’s ballistic missiles program.

A smartphone with Start Up displayed on it

Samhams Technologies, ideaForge and Omnipresent Robotics are creating better quality drones that can be used in cloudy and foggy environs.

Entrepreneur says that biotech engineer Leo Mavely, founder of Axio realized the importance of the untapped healthcare market in the defense sector. His product Axiostat is a sterile, single-use haemostatic dressing intended to be used for temporary control of moderate to severe bleeding of wounds. Malvey added that the company has supplied these dressings to one hundred battalions in India, and have also shipped around 350,000 units worldwide.

Bangalore-based Tonbo Imaging makes digital imaging systems for equipment such as guns, unmanned aerial vehicles, and battle tanks. It earns nearly 80% of its revenues from the Indian defense services. This startup specializes in products such as advanced night-vision cameras, fire control systems, and advanced weaponry through “nature-inspired technology.”

December 29, 2017   No Comments

GE, India’s Tata to Manufacture Jet Engine Components

GE Aviation, a division of Boston-based General Electric, and Tata Advanced Systems Ltd., entered into a partnership to manufacture components for engine-maker CFM International at a new factory that they will build in Hyderabad, India. (CFM International is a joint venture between GE Aviation, and Safran Aircraft Engines of France.)

The components made in India will go into the LEAP engine used in the new fuel-efficient Airbus A320neo and Boeing 737 MAX planes, both of which are part of GE’s global supply chain.

jet engine

The two companies will also pursue military engine and aircraft system opportunities for the India market. Parent group Tata Sons said that a new Center of Excellence will be set up to help develop a robust ecosystem for aircraft engine manufacturing in India and build related capabilities, reports Mint.

“We look forward to working with GE to build more expertise and strengthen India’s defense manufacturing capabilities,” said N. Chandrasekaran, chairman, Tata Sons.

December 15, 2017   No Comments

Arms Trade Arrangement Admits India

In a significant development for India, export control regime Wassenaar Arrangement (WA) admitted the country as its 42nd member of the organization. Admission into the WA is an affirmation of India’s position as a responsible nation in the arena of dual-use goods and technology, besides transfer of conventional arms. This step will raise New Delhi’s stature in the field of non-proliferation and also help it to acquire critical technologies for its defense and space programs. With the exception of China, all the other permanent members of the U.N. Security Council are signatories of the WA, which is headquartered in Vienna.

Per the Wassenar website, the goal of the Arrangement is to “promote transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies.” Participants are required to “ensure that transfers of these items do not contribute to the development or enhancement of military capabilities which undermine the goal.” The aim, according to WA, is also to prevent the acquisition of these items by terrorists.

Flag of India

 

In June last year, India joined the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), another key export control regime, as a full member.

Since its civil nuclear deal with the U.S., India has been trying to get into export control regimes such as the NSG, the MTCR, the Australia Group and the Wassenaar Arrangement that regulate the conventional, nuclear, biological and chemicals weapons and technologies, reports the Financial Express.

France‘s Ambassador to India Alexandre Ziegler congratulated India on ‘joining” the Wassenaar Arrangement. “One more recognition, after MTCR, of the growing role India plays in today’s world,” he said.

December 9, 2017   No Comments

Ten Most Significant Changes in India in the Last Decade

Forbes documents the top ten most significant changes that India has witnessed from 2010 to 2017. Read a lightly edited summary of these below:

1) Emerging as one of the largest economies

The recent economic expansion noted in India has brought a record number of people out of poverty. A growing middle class fuels its impressive consumer growth. Today, India is the world’s third largest market for smart phones and the sixth largest for cars; its software industry employs more than four million people directly and more than ten million indirectly.

With almost fifty percent of India’s population under the age of twenty-six, the country faces the challenge of finding jobs for one million citizens who enter the employment market every month.

2) Gaining diplomatic clout

With economic prosperity, India gained strategic importance. India’s Civil Nuclear Treaty with the U.S. in 2008 ushered India into the global nuclear elite. For the last three years, India has given more aid than it has received, with neighbors Bhutan, Afghanistan and Nepal topping the list of recipients. All of this has added up to give India much more power in diplomatic negotiations.

The current Indian government is the first one to consistently conduct diplomacy in the language of international business. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has undertaken more than 70 foreign trips since taking office in May 2014. Given his focus on trade and investment, Modi is widely promoting the fact that India jumped 30 places on the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business list for 2018 to the 100th place.

3) Evolving federalism

Cooperative federalism of India’s 29 states has now morphed into a competitive federalism in which states – many with the populations of large countries – vie with each other for investment. Foreign investors need to assess the political and regulatory scenarios at both the federal and state levels and pay attention to the state-wise ease of doing business rankings that are published every year.

In the middle of 2017, India replaced dozens of state and federal taxes with a national one, called the Goods and Services Tax or GST. The federal government created a more unified national market which is expected to lead to greater efficiencies and a more attractive business environment.

4) Fighting corruption and “black” money

Prime Minister Modi’s government was elected on an anti-corruption manifesto, and in November 2016, Modi announced the immediate withdrawal of two high-value currency notes. In one stunning move, 86% of the currency was sucked out of circulation, to be gradually replaced by new bills. The declared aim of the move was to fight black money and counterfeiting.

The Prevention of Money Laundering Act, has recently been bolstered by an expanded Enforcement Directorate, the federal agency tasked with fighting money laundering. Between April and August of 2017, the Enforcement Directorate and the Securities and Exchange Board of India, the stock market regulator, acted against at least 331 fake companies and 100 brokerages charged with facilitating money laundering. This government has implemented Aadhaar, the world’s largest biometric identification system, to root out duplication of identities and safeguard welfare plans from corruption-related leakages. Aadhaar was conceived during the previous government of Dr. Manmohan Singh but Modi’s team has fully embraced its power.

5) Forging a stricter compliance regime

The Reserve Bank of India, the country’s central bank, has been given more power in 2017 to act against loan defaulter. The Companies Act of 2013, despite many problems, also brought clearer accountability to corporate anti-corruption and anti-fraud measures.

6) Emergence of the modern Indian  and Indian led multinational

Indian business groups began to extend their international footprint in this decade – India’s Tata Group bought Britain’s Corus Steel for $13 billion in January 2007. The next month, the Aditya Birla Group, announced the acquisition of Canada’s Novelis for $6 billion. The year after that, Tata Motors bought the Jaguar Land Rover car businesses from Ford Motor for $2.3 billion. These acquisitions have helped change the culture of corporate India, embedding international best practices in some of India’s top companies. During the same period, executives of Indian origin were appointed to lead Pepsico, Google. Adobe, Microsoft, Deutsche Bank and Reckitt Benckiser.

7) Tilting to the political right

India’s growing right-wing nationalism concerns business leaders who feel that a sense of nationalism is in the way of business decisions and policies. As the most populous democracy in the world heads towards another national election in the first half of 2019, this position is unlikely to soften anytime soon (“according to Forbes”)

8) Growing wealth of “godmen”

The fastest growing consumer company in the country today is Patanjali, which was founded just a decade ago by Baba Ramdev, a yoga evangelist whose religious sermons on his own television channel are watched by tens of millions every day. His diet-biscuit-to-dish-washer company is now a $1.6 billion behemoth whose success has forced several multinational giants to rethink their market strategies.

9) Changing security challenges

In  the November 2008 terrorist attacks, when Pakistani terrorists attacked four locations across Mumbai, India resolved to fight terrorism in a more coordinated way.

10) Leaping into a digital future

The Modi government has launched Digital India, a campaign to improve the country’s digital infrastructure and offer more government services online. Many Indian companies are leveraging artificial intelligence, data analytics and machine learning to disrupt their markets and deliver a competitive edge.

Indian flag

December 5, 2017   No Comments